Comprehensive molecular analysis of arginase-encoding genes in common wheat and its progenitor species
作 者：Maoyun She, Jing Wang, Xinmin Wang, Guixiang Yin, Ke Wang, Lipu Du, Xingguo Ye*
刊物名称: Scientific Reports
卷: 期:26 July 页码:
Arginase (ARG) contributes to nitrogen remobilization by conversion of arginine to ornithine and urea. However, wheat ARG genes have not yet been identified. Here we isolated and characterized ARG genes from wheat and its progenitor species and found that a single copy was present in wheat progenitors. Three common wheat ARG genes of TaARG-2AS, TaARG-2BS, and TaARG-2DS were experimentally assigned to the short arms of the group 2 chromosomes. We found an in-frame stop codon in TaARG-2AS, but not in the other two genes. The highest expression was detected in stems and sheaths for TaARG-2BS and in leaves for TaARG-2DS. Both genes have similar expression trend in different developmental stages, peaking at booting and grain filling stages. TaARG-2BS transcript was induced by high salinity and drought, whereas TaARG-2DS was induced by drought only, but neither of them were induced by low temperature. In addition, both genes showed analogous expression pattern upon powdery mildew (PM) infection in the resistant line Pm97033, with TaARG-2BS induced greatly at 72h post PM infection. In contrast, no obvious transcripts were accumulated for TaARG-2DS in the PM susceptible line Wan7107. Monocot ARGs have more conserved mitochondrion-targeting signals and are more evolutionarily conserved than dicot ARGs.